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To be is the most common verb in the English language. It can be used as an auxiliary or a main verb.

Singular = 1

Plural = 1+

I

am

You

are

You

are

We

are

He/she/it

is

They

are

Am/Is/Are

Question ?
Positive Statement +
Negative Statement -
 
Singular
Written Form or spoken for emphasis
Contracted
Form (spoken)
Written Form or spoken for emphasis
Contracted
Form (spoken)

Am I?

I am

I'm

I am not

I'm not

Are you?

You are

You're

You are not

You're not
or You aren't

Is he?Is she?
Is it?

He is
She is
It is

He's
She's
It's

He is not
She is not
It is not

He isn't
She isn't
It isn't
or He's not
She's not
It's not

 

Plural

Are we?

We are

We're

We are not

We aren't
or We're not

Are you?

You are

You're

You are not

You're not
or You aren't

Are they?

They are

They're

They are not

They aren't
or They're not

Examples

The verbs am / is / are are used with:-

Am/Are

Is

a noun group

Are you an English teacher?

Mr Bean is an English teacher.

an adjective

I'm tired.

She's English.

an expression of place or time

They're at home.

It's nine o'clock.

an expression of age

I'm 44.

He's two years old.

the form of the present continuous tense

We're learning English.

She's teaching English.

 

Am/Are

Is

Question - ?

"Am I disturbing you?"

"Is this your coat?"

Positive Answer + Yes

"Yes you are. We're very busy."

"Yes, it is"

Negative Answer - No

"No you're not. We aren't very busy."

"No, it isn't"


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